Home > Walking & Running > Safe Competitive Running

Safe Competitive Running

By: Ossie Sharon - Updated: 4 Jan 2013 | comments*Discuss
 
Cool-down Electrolytes Heart Rate

The following serves as a guide to safeguarding your health while training for or participating in competitive running events.

In competitive running, races are generally categorized as sprints or distance-running, according to length and speed. Each carries with it its own set of conditions and training methods - however, many basic requirements and safety measures remain the same.

First & Foremost

It is highly recommended that you check with your healthcare provider as to your overall physical condition before beginning a long-term, high-intensity activity such as competitive running - particularly if you have a medical history.

Road Rules

Whether training or racing, sprinting or going the distance, the following are general tips for all runners to ensure comfort, enhance endurance, and prevent unnecessary soreness and injury.

Before the Run: Preparation
  • Dressing for success. Lightweight clothing from breathable fabrics allow perspiration to evaporate, a natural mechanism to prevent overheating during high-intensity activity. Quality running shoes are essential. Features to look for include not only general fit, but also cushioning ("shock absorbance"), flexibility, stability, and arch support; common injuries due to poor footwear include blisters, shinsplints, sprains, and even fractures
  • Even before initiating the running portion of a competitive program, it is recommended to strengthen the muscles that will be used the most, either through weight-training, floor exercises, or bicycling.
  • Prior to each running session, warming up and stretching should be performed to ensure safe range-of-motion.
  • Proper foot placement on the running surface and position of arms, shoulders, and knees while in motion are key areas to consider in preventing strain.
  • Breathe regularly throughout the running session to ensure proper oxygen flow to your muscles and organs, and prevent waste-product build-up (felt as a burning sensation).
During: Listen to Your Body
  • Initiate your running program slowly and advance according to your capabilities and freedom from injury.
  • Keep track of your heart rate, taking care never to exceed it.
  • If you feel you are running out of breath, reduce the intensity.
  • Pain or snapping sounds in your joints during a run are a signal to slow down.
After: Recovery is Key
  • Cooling down after each session ensures your heart rate, bloodflow, and core body temperature are restored to normal after high-intensity activity.
  • Rest after runs, and be sure you are fully recovered from each session before proceeding to your next.

Nutrition

The aim of nutrition remains the same regardless of the sport - to provide adequate fuel to maintain strength, energy, and organ function.
  • Needs are increased with intensity and duration of activity. It is vital to keep up every step of the way to avoid fatigue and illness.
  • In addition to food-based diet, many competitors look to supplements for an extra "edge" - however, false advertising is common here, and it is best to seek advice from a licensed healthcare professional.

Fluid & Electrolyte Balance

Hydration is sometimes believed to be an even more critical issue than diet in sport, because consequences of depletion can be immediately felt.
  • A sport such as competitive running may double your normal fluid requirement, depending on intensity, duration, and surrounding temperatures. Dehydration increases vulnerability to heat, and can cause collapse and even organ failure.
  • During stressful conditions, thirst is sometimes a late indicator of underhydration. During moderate-to-heavy perspiration, fluids should be replaced every few miles or every hour, or according to how much you sweat (something that can be calculated).
  • Major fluid losses include not only water, but also electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium, which require replacement as well. Uncompensated losses - or even "over-drinking" plain water - can lead to cramping and disturbances in heart function.
  • Most sports drinks are designed around the principle of restoring both fluid and electrolyte balance during exertion.

Prevention

In addition to the above measures, the following can prevent excessive fatigue, pain, and injury, and even illness:
  • Pollution has more of an influence during intense exercise. Try to seek venues away from high-traffic, industrial, or smoky areas.
  • Personal safety should always be a consideration when running outdoors. Key points here include traffic, aggressive animals, personal crime, terrain, or - particularly at night - visibility
  • Avoid running when you are acutely ill, particularly if the illness causes excessive fluid losses or involves infection.
  • If you experience any of the following during or immediately following a run, stop as safely as possible (with cool-down, if relevant); depending on the severity, they may be signs to either lower intensity or seek medical attention before resuming:
Muscle or joint pain that do not dissipate with rest, Chest pain or pressure, Trouble breathing or excessive shortness of breath, Light-headedness, dizziness, or new difficulty balancing, Inability to remain upright.

If care is taken to assure safety, running can be a fun sport with many benefits to your health. If you are serious about becoming competitive, it is advisable you seek professional guidance, either privately or through a dedicated organization.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • Jems Born
    Re: Benefits of Joining an Athletics Club
    Sir.. I Want to joined atheletic in runing.. How can i joined this course..
    24 July 2019
  • Young Poor
    Re: Paragliding Safety
    I keep asking advice for over half Century; people in my age group, smart and polite have obviously died out. Undisturbed, they watch pilots…
    24 October 2018
  • Pat
    Re: What Are the Rules on Children and Gym Equipment?
    we are in a bit of a quandary...we are a charity, voluntarily run community based sports facility. we…
    14 October 2018
  • Damzy
    Re: Gym Induction: What to Expect
    Thanks the well-articulated article on gym induction. I find it very refreshing in offering inductions to clients.
    26 September 2018
  • Pinky
    Re: Bungee Jumping Safety
    I think that the bungee jumping is a very good extreme sports which I have also experience of doing bungee jumping. THIS IS ONLY MY COMMENT
    18 April 2018
  • snipa
    Re: Technical Ability in Football
    good information for semi professional footballers.
    28 December 2017
  • Crashed
    Re: Go Karting Safety
    In a public karting venue is there a regulation for seatbelts/ harness to be worn ? Or just helmet /suit/ gloves
    26 December 2017
  • Kaz
    Re: Darts Safety
    Is it safe for students of 14 to 16 years old to play darts in a pupil referral unit. Is there any health and safety rules
    20 November 2017
  • zozo
    Re: Training For Competitive Sports
    This articale can really help people with losing weight.
    27 October 2017